Maintenance Commands                                  install(1M)


install - install commands


/usr/sbin/install -c dira [ -m mode ] [ -u user ] [ -g group ] [ -o ] [ -s ] file /usr/sbin/install -f dirb [ -m mode ] [ -u user ] [ -g group ] [ -o ] [ -s ] file /usr/sbin/install -n dirc [ -m mode ] [ -u user ] [ -g group ] [ -o ] [ -s ] file /usr/sbin/install -d | -i [ -m mode ] [ -u user ] [ -g group ] [ -o ] [ -s ] dirx ... /usr/sbin/install [ -m mode ] [ -u user ] [ -g group ] [ -o ] [ -s ] file [ dirx ... ]


install is most commonly used in ``makefiles'' (see make(1S)) to install a file in specific locations, or to create directories within a file system. Each file is installed by copying it into the appropriate directory. install uses no special privileges to copy files from one place to another. The implications of this are: + You must have permission to read the files to be installed. + You must have permission to copy into the destination directory. + You must have permission to change the modes on the final copy of the file if you want to use the -m option. + You must be super-user if you want to specify the own- ership of the installed file with the -u or -g options. If you are not the super-user, the installed file will be owned by you, regardless of who owns the original. install prints messages telling the user exactly what files it is replacing or creating and where they are going. If no options or directories (dirx ...) are given, install searches a set of default directories ( /bin, /usr/bin, /etc, /lib, and /usr/lib, in that order) for a file with the same name as file. When the first occurrence is found, install issues a message saying that it is overwriting that SunOS 5.8 Last change: 16 Sep 1996 1 Maintenance Commands install(1M) file with file, and proceeds to do so. If the file is not found, the program states this and exits. If one or more directories (dirx ...) are specified after file, those directories are searched before the default directories.


-c dira Install file in the directory specified by dira, if file does not yet exist. If it is found, install issues a message saying that the file already exists, and exits without overwriting it. -f dirb Force file to be installed in given directory, even if the file already exists. If the file being installed does not already exist, the mode and owner of the new file will be set to 755 and bin , respectively. If the file already exists, the mode and owner will be that of the already existing file. -n dirc If file is not found in any of the searched direc- tories, it is put in the directory specified in dirc. The mode and owner of the new file will be set to 755 and bin, respectively. -d Create a directory. Missing parent directories are created as required as in mkdir -p. If the directory already exists, the owner, group and mode will be set to the values given on the command line. -i Ignore default directory list, searching only through the given directories (dirx ...). -m mode The mode of the new file is set to mode. Set to 0755 by default. -u user The owner of the new file is set to user. Only avail- able to the super-user. Set to bin by default. -g group The group id of the new file is set to group. Only available to the super-user. Set to bin by default. -o If file is found, save the ``found'' file by copying it to OLDfile in the directory in which it was found. This option is useful when installing a frequently used file such as /bin/sh or /lib/saf/ttymon, where SunOS 5.8 Last change: 16 Sep 1996 2 Maintenance Commands install(1M) the existing file cannot be removed. -s Suppress printing of messages other than error mes- sages. USAGE See largefile(5) for the description of the behavior of install when encountering files greater than or equal to 2 Gbyte ( 2**31 bytes).


See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attri- butes: ____________________________________________________________ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | |_____________________________|_____________________________| | Availability | SUNWcsu | |_____________________________|_____________________________|


chgrp(1), chmod(1), chown(1), cp(1), make(1S), mkdir(1), chown(1M), attributes(5), largefile(5) SunOS 5.8 Last change: 16 Sep 1996 3