## java.lang

Class Integerjava.lang.Object | +--java.lang.Number | +--java.lang.Integer

- All Implemented Interfaces:
- Comparable, Serializable

- public final class Integer
- extends Number
- implements Comparable
The Integer class wraps a value of the primitive type int in an object. An object of type Integer contains a single field whose type is int.

In addition, this class provides several methods for converting an int to a String and a String to an int, as well as other constants and methods useful when dealing with an int.

- Since:
- JDK1.0
- See Also:
- Serialized Form

## Field Summary

static int MAX_VALUE

A constant holding the maximum value an int can have, 2^{31}-1.static int MIN_VALUE

A constant holding the minimum value an int can have, -2^{31}.static Class TYPE

The Class instance representing the primitive type int.

## Constructor Summary

Integer(int value)

Constructs a newly allocated Integer object that represents the specified int value.Integer(String s)

Constructs a newly allocated Integer object that represents the int value indicated by the String parameter.

## Method Summary

byte byteValue()

Returns the value of this Integer as a byte.int compareTo(Integer anotherInteger)

Compares two Integer objects numerically.int compareTo(Object o)

Compares this Integer object to another object.static Integer decode(String nm)

Decodes a String into an Integer.double doubleValue()

Returns the value of this Integer as a double.boolean equals(Object obj)

Compares this object to the specified object.float floatValue()

Returns the value of this Integer as a float.static Integer getInteger(String nm)

Determines the integer value of the system property with the specified name.static Integer getInteger(String nm, int val)

Determines the integer value of the system property with the specified name.static Integer getInteger(String nm, Integer val)

Returns the integer value of the system property with the specified name.int hashCode()

Returns a hash code for this Integer.int intValue()

Returns the value of this Integer as an int.long longValue()

Returns the value of this Integer as a long.static int parseInt(String s)

Parses the string argument as a signed decimal integer.static int parseInt(String s, int radix)

Parses the string argument as a signed integer in the radix specified by the second argument.short shortValue()

Returns the value of this Integer as a short.static String toBinaryString(int i)

Returns a string representation of the integer argument as an unsigned integer in base 2.static String toHexString(int i)

Returns a string representation of the integer argument as an unsigned integer in base 16.static String toOctalString(int i)

Returns a string representation of the integer argument as an unsigned integer in base 8.String toString()

Returns a String object representing this Integer's value.static String toString(int i)

Returns a String object representing the specified integer.static String toString(int i, int radix)

Returns a string representation of the first argument in the radix specified by the second argument.static Integer valueOf(String s)

Returns an Integer object holding the value of the specified String.static Integer valueOf(String s, int radix)

Returns an Integer object holding the value extracted from the specified String when parsed with the radix given by the second argument.

Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object clone, finalize, getClass, notify, notifyAll, wait, wait, wait

## Field Detail

## MIN_VALUE

public static final int MIN_VALUE

- A constant holding the minimum value an int can have, -2
^{31}.

- See Also:
- Constant Field Values

## MAX_VALUE

public static final int MAX_VALUE

- A constant holding the maximum value an int can have, 2
^{31}-1.

- See Also:
- Constant Field Values

## TYPE

public static final Class TYPE

- The Class instance representing the primitive type int.

- Since:
- JDK1.1

## Constructor Detail

## Integer

public Integer(int value)

- Constructs a newly allocated Integer object that represents the specified int value.

- Parameters:
- value - the value to be represented by the Integer object.

## Integer

public Integer(String s) throws NumberFormatException

- Constructs a newly allocated Integer object that represents the int value indicated by the String parameter. The string is converted to an int value in exactly the manner used by the parseInt method for radix 10.

- Parameters:
- s - the String to be converted to an Integer.
- Throws:
- NumberFormatException - if the String does not contain a parsable integer.
- See Also:
- parseInt(java.lang.String, int)

## Method Detail

## toString

public static String toString(int i, int radix)

- Returns a string representation of the first argument in the radix specified by the second argument.
If the radix is smaller than Character.MIN_RADIX or larger than Character.MAX_RADIX, then the radix 10 is used instead.

If the first argument is negative, the first element of the result is the ASCII minus character '-' ('\u002D'). If the first argument is not negative, no sign character appears in the result.

The remaining characters of the result represent the magnitude of the first argument. If the magnitude is zero, it is represented by a single zero character '0' ('\u0030'); otherwise, the first character of the representation of the magnitude will not be the zero character. The following ASCII characters are used as digits:

These are '\u0030' through '\u0039' and '\u0061' through '\u007A'. If radix is0123456789abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzN, then the firstNof these characters are used as radix-Ndigits in the order shown. Thus, the digits for hexadecimal (radix 16) are 0123456789abcdef. If uppercase letters are desired, the String.toUpperCase() method may be called on the result:Integer.toString(n, 16).toUpperCase()

- Parameters:
- i - an integer to be converted to a string.
- radix - the radix to use in the string representation.
- Returns:
- a string representation of the argument in the specified radix.
- See Also:
- Character.MAX_RADIX, Character.MIN_RADIX

## toHexString

public static String toHexString(int i)

- Returns a string representation of the integer argument as an unsigned integer in base 16.
The unsigned integer value is the argument plus 2

^{32}if the argument is negative; otherwise, it is equal to the argument. This value is converted to a string of ASCII digits in hexadecimal (base 16) with no extra leading 0s. If the unsigned magnitude is zero, it is represented by a single zero character '0' ('\u0030'); otherwise, the first character of the representation of the unsigned magnitude will not be the zero character. The following characters are used as hexadecimal digits:These are the characters '\u0030' through '\u0039' and '\u0061' through '\u0066'. If uppercase letters are desired, the String.toUpperCase() method may be called on the result:0123456789abcdefInteger.toHexString(n).toUpperCase()

- Parameters:
- i - an integer to be converted to a string.
- Returns:
- the string representation of the unsigned integer value represented by the argument in hexadecimal (base 16).
- Since:
- JDK1.0.2

## toOctalString

public static String toOctalString(int i)

- Returns a string representation of the integer argument as an unsigned integer in base 8.
The unsigned integer value is the argument plus 2

^{32}if the argument is negative; otherwise, it is equal to the argument. This value is converted to a string of ASCII digits in octal (base 8) with no extra leading 0s.If the unsigned magnitude is zero, it is represented by a single zero character '0' ('\u0030'); otherwise, the first character of the representation of the unsigned magnitude will not be the zero character. The following characters are used as octal digits:

These are the characters '\u0030' through '\u0037'.01234567

- Parameters:
- i - an integer to be converted to a string.
- Returns:
- the string representation of the unsigned integer value represented by the argument in octal (base 8).
- Since:
- JDK1.0.2

## toBinaryString

public static String toBinaryString(int i)

- Returns a string representation of the integer argument as an unsigned integer in base 2.
The unsigned integer value is the argument plus 2

^{32}if the argument is negative; otherwise it is equal to the argument. This value is converted to a string of ASCII digits in binary (base 2) with no extra leading 0s. If the unsigned magnitude is zero, it is represented by a single zero character '0' ('\u0030'); otherwise, the first character of the representation of the unsigned magnitude will not be the zero character. The characters '0' ('\u0030') and '1' ('\u0031') are used as binary digits.

- Parameters:
- i - an integer to be converted to a string.
- Returns:
- the string representation of the unsigned integer value represented by the argument in binary (base 2).
- Since:
- JDK1.0.2

## toString

public static String toString(int i)

- Returns a String object representing the specified integer. The argument is converted to signed decimal representation and returned as a string, exactly as if the argument and radix 10 were given as arguments to the toString(int, int) method.

- Parameters:
- i - an integer to be converted.
- Returns:
- a string representation of the argument in base 10.

## parseInt

public static int parseInt(String s, int radix) throws NumberFormatException

- Parses the string argument as a signed integer in the radix specified by the second argument. The characters in the string must all be digits of the specified radix (as determined by whether Character.digit(char, int) returns a nonnegative value), except that the first character may be an ASCII minus sign '-' ('\u002D') to indicate a negative value. The resulting integer value is returned.
An exception of type NumberFormatException is thrown if any of the following situations occurs:

- The first argument is null or is a string of length zero.
- The radix is either smaller than Character.MIN_RADIX or larger than Character.MAX_RADIX.
- Any character of the string is not a digit of the specified radix, except that the first character may be a minus sign '-' ('\u002D') provided that the string is longer than length 1.
- The value represented by the string is not a value of type int.
Examples:

parseInt("0", 10) returns 0 parseInt("473", 10) returns 473 parseInt("-0", 10) returns 0 parseInt("-FF", 16) returns -255 parseInt("1100110", 2) returns 102 parseInt("2147483647", 10) returns 2147483647 parseInt("-2147483648", 10) returns -2147483648 parseInt("2147483648", 10) throws a NumberFormatException parseInt("99", 8) throws a NumberFormatException parseInt("Kona", 10) throws a NumberFormatException parseInt("Kona", 27) returns 411787

- Parameters:
- s - the String containing the integer representation to be parsed
- radix - the radix to be used while parsing s.
- Returns:
- the integer represented by the string argument in the specified radix.
- Throws:
- NumberFormatException - if the String does not contain a parsable int.

## parseInt

public static int parseInt(String s) throws NumberFormatException

- Parses the string argument as a signed decimal integer. The characters in the string must all be decimal digits, except that the first character may be an ASCII minus sign '-' ('\u002D') to indicate a negative value. The resulting integer value is returned, exactly as if the argument and the radix 10 were given as arguments to the parseInt(java.lang.String, int) method.

- Parameters:
- s - a String containing the int representation to be parsed
- Returns:
- the integer value represented by the argument in decimal.
- Throws:
- NumberFormatException - if the string does not contain a parsable integer.

## valueOf

public static Integer valueOf(String s, int radix) throws NumberFormatException

- Returns an Integer object holding the value extracted from the specified String when parsed with the radix given by the second argument. The first argument is interpreted as representing a signed integer in the radix specified by the second argument, exactly as if the arguments were given to the parseInt(java.lang.String, int) method. The result is an Integer object that represents the integer value specified by the string.
In other words, this method returns an Integer object equal to the value of:

new Integer(Integer.parseInt(s, radix))

- Parameters:
- s - the string to be parsed.
- radix - the radix to be used in interpreting s
- Returns:
- an Integer object holding the value represented by the string argument in the specified radix.
- Throws:
- NumberFormatException - if the String does not contain a parsable int.

## valueOf

public static Integer valueOf(String s) throws NumberFormatException

- Returns an Integer object holding the value of the specified String. The argument is interpreted as representing a signed decimal integer, exactly as if the argument were given to the parseInt(java.lang.String) method. The result is an Integer object that represents the integer value specified by the string.
In other words, this method returns an Integer object equal to the value of:

new Integer(Integer.parseInt(s))

- Parameters:
- s - the string to be parsed.
- Returns:
- an Integer object holding the value represented by the string argument.
- Throws:
- NumberFormatException - if the string cannot be parsed as an integer.

## byteValue

public byte byteValue()

- Returns the value of this Integer as a byte.

- Overrides:
- byteValue in class Number

- Returns:
- the numeric value represented by this object after conversion to type byte.

## shortValue

public short shortValue()

- Returns the value of this Integer as a short.

- Overrides:
- shortValue in class Number

- Returns:
- the numeric value represented by this object after conversion to type short.

## intValue

public int intValue()

- Returns the value of this Integer as an int.

- Specified by:
- intValue in class Number

- Returns:
- the numeric value represented by this object after conversion to type int.

## longValue

public long longValue()

- Returns the value of this Integer as a long.

- Specified by:
- longValue in class Number

- Returns:
- the numeric value represented by this object after conversion to type long.

## floatValue

public float floatValue()

- Returns the value of this Integer as a float.

- Specified by:
- floatValue in class Number

- Returns:
- the numeric value represented by this object after conversion to type float.

## doubleValue

public double doubleValue()

- Returns the value of this Integer as a double.

- Specified by:
- doubleValue in class Number

- Returns:
- the numeric value represented by this object after conversion to type double.

## toString

public String toString()

- Returns a String object representing this Integer's value. The value is converted to signed decimal representation and returned as a string, exactly as if the integer value were given as an argument to the toString(int) method.

- Overrides:
- toString in class Object

- Returns:
- a string representation of the value of this object in base 10.

## hashCode

public int hashCode()

- Returns a hash code for this Integer.

- Overrides:
- hashCode in class Object

- Returns:
- a hash code value for this object, equal to the primitive int value represented by this Integer object.
- See Also:
- Object.equals(java.lang.Object), Hashtable

## equals

public boolean equals(Object obj)

- Compares this object to the specified object. The result is true if and only if the argument is not null and is an Integer object that contains the same int value as this object.

- Overrides:
- equals in class Object

- Parameters:
- obj - the object to compare with.
- Returns:
- true if the objects are the same; false otherwise.
- See Also:
- Object.hashCode(), Hashtable

## getInteger

public static Integer getInteger(String nm)

- Determines the integer value of the system property with the specified name.
The first argument is treated as the name of a system property. System properties are accessible through the System.getProperty(java.lang.String) method. The string value of this property is then interpreted as an integer value and an Integer object representing this value is returned. Details of possible numeric formats can be found with the definition of getProperty.

If there is no property with the specified name, if the specified name is empty or null, or if the property does not have the correct numeric format, then null is returned.

In other words, this method returns an Integer object equal to the value of:

getInteger(nm, null)

- Parameters:
- nm - property name.
- Returns:
- the Integer value of the property.
- See Also:
- System.getProperty(java.lang.String), System.getProperty(java.lang.String, java.lang.String)

## getInteger

public static Integer getInteger(String nm, int val)

- Determines the integer value of the system property with the specified name.
The first argument is treated as the name of a system property. System properties are accessible through the System.getProperty(java.lang.String) method. The string value of this property is then interpreted as an integer value and an Integer object representing this value is returned. Details of possible numeric formats can be found with the definition of getProperty.

The second argument is the default value. An Integer object that represents the value of the second argument is returned if there is no property of the specified name, if the property does not have the correct numeric format, or if the specified name is empty or null.

In other words, this method returns an Integer object equal to the value of:

getInteger(nm, new Integer(val))but in practice it may be implemented in a manner such as:to avoid the unnecessary allocation of an Integer object when the default value is not needed.Integer result = getInteger(nm, null); return (result == null) ? new Integer(val) : result;

- Parameters:
- nm - property name.
- val - default value.
- Returns:
- the Integer value of the property.
- See Also:
- System.getProperty(java.lang.String), System.getProperty(java.lang.String, java.lang.String)

## getInteger

public static Integer getInteger(String nm, Integer val)

- Returns the integer value of the system property with the specified name. The first argument is treated as the name of a system property. System properties are accessible through the System.getProperty(java.lang.String) method. The string value of this property is then interpreted as an integer value, as per the Integer.decode method, and an Integer object representing this value is returned.

- If the property value begins with the two ASCII characters 0x or the ASCII character #, not followed by a minus sign, then the rest of it is parsed as a hexadecimal integer exactly as by the method valueOf(java.lang.String, int) with radix 16.
- If the property value begins with the ASCII character 0 followed by another character, it is parsed as an octal integer exactly as by the method valueOf(java.lang.String, int) with radix 8.
- Otherwise, the property value is parsed as a decimal integer exactly as by the method valueOf(java.lang.String, int) with radix 10.
The second argument is the default value. The default value is returned if there is no property of the specified name, if the property does not have the correct numeric format, or if the specified name is empty or null.

- Parameters:
- nm - property name.
- val - default value.
- Returns:
- the Integer value of the property.
- See Also:
- System.getProperty(java.lang.String), System.getProperty(java.lang.String, java.lang.String), decode(java.lang.String)

## decode

public static Integer decode(String nm) throws NumberFormatException

- Decodes a String into an Integer. Accepts decimal, hexadecimal, and octal numbers numbers given by the following grammar:
DecimalNumeral, HexDigits, and OctalDigits are defined in §3.10.1 of the Java Language Specification.

- DecodableString:
- Sign
_{opt}DecimalNumeral- Sign
_{opt}0x HexDigits- Sign
_{opt}0X HexDigits- Sign
_{opt}# HexDigits- Sign
_{opt}0 OctalDigits

- Sign:
- -
The sequence of characters following an (optional) negative sign and/or radix specifier ("0x", "0X", "#", or leading zero) is parsed as by the Integer.parseInt method with the indicated radix (10, 16, or 8). This sequence of characters must represent a positive value or a NumberFormatException will be thrown. The result is negated if first character of the specified String is the minus sign. No whitespace characters are permitted in the String.

- Parameters:
- nm - the String to decode.
- Returns:
- a Integer object holding the int value represented by nm
- Throws:
- NumberFormatException - if the String does not contain a parsable integer.
- Since:
- 1.2
- See Also:
- parseInt(java.lang.String, int)

## compareTo

public int compareTo(Integer anotherInteger)

- Compares two Integer objects numerically.

- Parameters:
- anotherInteger - the Integer to be compared.
- Returns:
- the value 0 if this Integer is equal to the argument Integer; a value less than 0 if this Integer is numerically less than the argument Integer; and a value greater than 0 if this Integer is numerically greater than the argument Integer (signed comparison).
- Since:
- 1.2

## compareTo

public int compareTo(Object o)

- Compares this Integer object to another object. If the object is an Integer, this function behaves like compareTo(Integer). Otherwise, it throws a ClassCastException (as Integer objects are only comparable to other Integer objects).

- Specified by:
- compareTo in interface Comparable

- Parameters:
- o - the Object to be compared.
- Returns:
- the value 0 if the argument is a Integer numerically equal to this Integer; a value less than 0 if the argument is a Integer numerically greater than this Integer; and a value greater than 0 if the argument is a Integer numerically less than this Integer.
- Throws:
- ClassCastException - if the argument is not an Integer.
- Since:
- 1.2
- See Also:
- Comparable