Network Deployment (Distributed operating systems), v8.0 > Establishing high availability > High availability manager
High availability groups
High availability groups are part of the high availability manager framework. A high availability group provides the mechanism for building a highly available component and enables the component to run in one of several different processes. A high availability group cannot extend beyond the boundaries of a core group.
A high availability group is associated with a specific component. The members of the group are the set of processes where it is possible to run that component. Therefore, a product administrator cannot directly configure or define a high availability group, and its associated set of members. Instead high availability groups are created dynamically at the request of the components that need to provide a highly available function.
A high availability group cannot extend beyond the boundaries of a core group. Therefore, a highly available component cannot fail over from a server process that is defined in one core group to a server process that is defined in a different core group.
Because high availability groups are dynamically created, a product administrator has no direct control over when they are created or destroyed. A high availability group is created when component code that runs in a given process calls the high availability manager framework to join a group. The calling component must provide the name of the high availability group for the high availability manager framework to join.
If a high availability group with this name does not currently exist, the high availability manager creates one, and makes this member the first member of the newly created group. If the high availability group already exists, this member is added to the set of high availability group members.
Because several different components might use the high availability manager framework, it is possible to have several different high availability groups across the same set of processes. However, each high availability group always has a unique group name.
A high availability group ceases to exist when all of the group members leave the group, which typically occurs when all of the processes that host members of a given high availability group stop.
Every high availability group has a unique name. Because any component can create a high availability group for that component to use, it is the high availability group name that ties a given component to a particular high availability group. A high availability group name is not a simple string; this name is a set of name-value pairs that the creating component specifies. A high availability group name can look like the following example:Company=IBM,ComponentName=TM,policy=DefaultNoQuorumOneOfNPolicy
A component can specify any number of name-value pairs to create a unique name for their high availability group.
Each member of a high availability group is either idle, active or disabled. Typically, a high availability group member will be either idle or active. A member that is idle is not assigned any work, but is available as a backup if a member that is active fails. A member that is active is designated as the member to handle the component workload.
If a member is disabled, it cannot participate in the high availability group. A disabled member is not assigned any work, and is not available as a backup if an active member fails. An administrator might disable a member if they plan to remove, delete, or cycle power on the associated server. However, this action is not required.
Every high availability group has an associated policy. The policy is used to determine which members of a high availability group are active at a given point in time. The policies available for high availability groups to use are stored as part of the core group configuration.
High availability group policies
Core groups (high availability domains)
High availability manager
View high availability group information