Network Deployment (Distributed operating systems), v8.0 > Applications > Data access resources > Data concepts

Relational resource adapters and JCA

A resource adapter is a system-level software driver that a Java application uses to connect to an enterprise information system (EIS). A resource adapter plugs into an application server and provides connectivity between the EIS, the application server, and the enterprise application.

WAS supports JCA versions 1.0, 1.5 and 1.6, including additional configurable features for JCA 1.5 resource adapters with activation specifications that handle inbound requests. The JCA v1.6 specification also adds support for Java annotations in RAR modules. For more information on annotation support see the topic, JCA 1.6 support for annotations in RAR modules.

Data access for container-managed persistence (CMP) beans is indirectly managed by the WebSphere Persistence Manager. The JCA specification supports persistence manager delegation of the data access to the JCA resource adapter without knowing the specific backend store. For the relational database access, the persistence manager uses the relational resource adapter to access the data from the database.

We can find the supported database platforms for the JDBC API at the WAS prerequisite website.

Java EE Connector Architecture and WebSphere relational resource adapters

An application server vendor extends its system once to support the Java Platform, Enteprise Edition Connector Architecture (JCA) and is then assured of seamless connectivity to multiple EISs. Likewise, an EIS vendor provides one standard resource adapter with the capability to plug into any application server that supports the connector architecture.

The product supports any resource adapter that implements version 1.0, 1.5 and 1.6 of this specification. IBM includes WebSphere MQ and the Service Integration Bus with the Application Server, and IBM supplies resource adapters for many enterprise systems separately from the WAS package, which include but are not limited to, the Customer Information Control System (CICS), Host On-Demand (HOD), Information Management System (IMS), and Systems, Applications, and Products (SAP) R/3 .

The general approach to writing an application that uses a JCA resource adapter is to develop EJB session beans or services with tools such as Rational Application Developer. The session bean uses the javax.resource.cci interfaces to communicate with an enterprise information system through the resource adapter.

WebSphere Relational Resource Adapter

WAS provides the WebSphere Relational Resource Adapter implementation. This resource adapter provides data access through JDBC calls to access the database dynamically. The connection management is based on the JCA connection management architecture and provides connection pooling, transaction, and security support. The WebSphere RRA is installed and runs as part of WAS, and needs no further administration.

The RRA supports both the configuration and use of JDBC data sources and JCA connection factories. The RRA supports the configuration and use of data sources implemented as either JDBC data sources or Java EE Connector Architecture connection factories. Data sources can be used directly by applications, or they can be configured for use by container-managed persistence (CMP) entity beans.

For more information about the WebSphere Relational Resource Adapter, see the following topics:


Use a single instance of a resource adapter
WebSphere relational resource adapter settings
Data access portability features
Connection pooling
JCA 1.6 support for annotations in RAR modules
Configure connection factories for resource adapters within applications
Configure Java EE Connector connection factories in the administrative console
Install resource adapters embedded within applications
Install a resource adapter archive
Configure data access with wsadmin scripting
Access data using Java EE Connector Architecture connectors


Configure administered objects for resource adapters for the client
WAS prerequisite website Concept topic


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